Part II: High and Low CC Plants

List of 20 species:


  1. Wingstem CC=5
  2. Poodle moss CC=3
  3. Canada Goldenrod CC=1
  4. Black-eyed Susan CC=1
  5. Common prickly-ash CC=3
  6. Common Evening Primrose CC=1
  7. Tree-of-heaven CC=0
  8. Shagbark hickory CC=6
  9. Arrow-leaved aster CC=3
  10. American Pokeweed CC=1
  11. Common dodder CC=3
  12. Pale touch-me-not CC=3
  13. White Snakeroot CC=3
  14. Eastern red cedar CC=3
  15. Purple Coneflower CC=6
  16. Common water meal CC=3
  17. Red maple CC=2
  18. Box-elder CC=3
  19. Chicory CC=0
  20. Morrows Honeysuckle CC=0



Chicory- Cichorium intybus (CC= 0)

Chicory! When you see a chicory you think ligulate as its capitulum only contains ray flowers. Chicory flowers are listed as an important bee plant as they bloom for an extended period of time longer than others.

Chicory. (2018, August 29). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Morrow’s Honeysuckle- Lonicera morrowii (CC= 0)

Morrow’s honeysuckles are a deciduous shrub with white flowers. They are actually native to Japan, Korea, and Northeast China.

Morrow’s Honeysuckle. (n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Canada Goldenrod- Solidago canadensis (CC= 1)

These you can see from afar as their flowers are so bright yellow. “This is a herbaceous perennial plant with a central stem that is 2-6′ tall. Because of the wide distribution and the existence of several varieties, there is significant variability in the characteristics of local ecotypes”.

(n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

American Pokeweed- Phytolacca americana (CC= 1)

Well these are cool right? You want to just eat the berries, but don’t do that. Fun fact, “During the Civil War, soldiers wrote letters using the ink from American pokeweed berries, and the pigment is still used occasionally to dye fabrics”.

Pokeweed: A giant of a weed! (n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

White Snakeroot- Ageratina altissima (CC= 3)

These are very popular plants in Ohio. “The common name of this species derives from the erroneous belief among early settlers that the bitter rhizomes were beneficial in the treatment of snakebites”.

(n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Wingstem- Verbesina alternifolia (CC= 5)

I had to include this beautiful picture of this Wingstem with a butterfly. These are easy to come by with their bright yellow petals, which is what attracts insects also. “The common name of this plant, of course, comes from the distinctive stem, which has vertical ridges that are sometimes described as “wings””.

Gloria, P. (2017, September 22). Wingstem. Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Purple Coneflower- Echinacea purpurea (CC= 6)

This flower was found all by his lonesome as all of his other friends already lost most of their petals. Fun fact, “The dead flower stems will remain erect well into the winter, and if flower heads are not removed, the blackened cones may be visited by goldfinches or other birds that feed on the seeds”.

(n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Shagbark Hickory- Carya ovata (CC= 6)

A few weeks ago the shagbark hickories looked a bit healthier, but you can distinguish this plant from others because of the shaggy bark and the nuts that fall below. “It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations”.

Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata) at Oakland Nurseries Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Part II: Invasive Plants

Canada Thistle- Cirsium arvense

Strange because they aren’t purple right?  They are just “on their way out”, but they are cutest, fluffiest of plants. “Canada thistle produces an abundance of bristly-plumed seeds which are easily dispersed by wind. Seeds may remain viable in the soil for up to twenty years”.

Introduced Species Summary Project Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense). (n.d.). Retrieved from

Reed Canary Grass- Phalaris arundinacea

These are also looking a bit rough, but we can blame Ohio’s weather for that. This grass stands tall and seems hairy-like. “There are two types of Reed Canary Grass (native & non-native) and both are planted and used to control erosion since the 1800’s”.

Reed Canary Grass. (n.d.). Retrieved October 06, 2020, from

Amur Honeysuckle- Lonicera maackii

How could these not catch your eye with those shiny red berries! Which brings us to the fun fact that these plants highly attract birds (and deer) because of their color, then the they spread them across landscapes.

Tree-of-Heaven- Ailanthus altissima

These are everywhere!! These are the definition of invasive! “One mature female tree can produce as many as 350,000 wind-dispersed seeds per year”!!

Part III: Specific Substrate Species

Red Bud- Cercis canadensis

Red buds, which have cute heart-shaped leaves, are plants that are limited to limestone or limy substrates.

Pin Oak- Quercus palustris

These leaves are so pretty in the fall with their orange and red colors. Forsyth mentions that Pin Oaks are trees that are “present on the high-lime, clay rich substrates developed in thick till of western Ohio plains”.

Sugar Maple- Acer saccharum

Forsyth says these are among the most common plants on the western till, which is high- lime and also clay rich.

Red Cedar- Juniperus virginiana

The article mentions that “red-cedars seem to occur on higher, drier sites where limestone is present at only very shallow depths below the ground surface, and also occurs where soil has been destroyed”.



Forsyth, Jane L., Retrieved from The Explorer, 1971 V. 13 no. 3 Linking Geology and Botany… a new approach